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                          學者眼中的中產階層

                          來源: www.numenleather.com 時間:2010-07-03 編輯: 人生感悟
                          學者眼中的中產階層  究竟擁有多少財產或一年有多少收入可以列入中產者行列呢?這一標準本身是有伸縮性的,而且是可變的。一個人或一個,如果有穩定的收入,有能力(包括通過信貸消費)購買房產或者已經有房,都可以稱為中產者。至于他們從事什么,那是次要的。用中國民間的習慣來說,安居樂業應當是判斷一個人或一個是不是中產者的標準。換句話說,中產者一定是安居樂業者。

                            經濟學家 吳敬璉

                            現代的中等收入階層的概念根本沒有“產”,是指專業人員為主的一個階層,有房子、汽車并不是中等收入階層的標志。在早期中等收入階層強調的是資本,在現代社會,概念有演變,主要是指專業人員,因為專業人員的作用越來越重要。

                            作家 王朔

                            中產階層不見得要從經濟收入上劃分,安于現狀的,尊重既有社會等級和道德規范的都可在觀念上列入中產階層。

                            學者 牛文元

                            判斷一個國家是否形成足夠大的中產階層的五條標準:一、城市化率是否達到七成以上;二、“白領”社會勞動力是否大于或至少持平于“藍領”;三、恩格爾系數是否平均降到了0.3以下;四、基尼系數是否控制并保持在0.25至0.30之間;五、人均受年限是否達到12年以上。   
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